UNFCCC Toolkit: Raising Key Issues 1.1

UNFCCC toolkit page
Factsheet: Message 1

Message 1: “Now is the time to act. Farmers are experiencing the impacts of climate change, and they need action if they are to adapt and to mitigate.

The first of nine factsheets containing data and facts extracted from the sources below and others, then mapped to the nine key messages or topics of this guide/toolkit. Data will be related to UNFCCC negotiations, food security and nutrition, small vs large scale farmers, as well as specific topics such as:

  1. The benefits of adapting to, and mitigating the effects of, climate change;
  2. Key statistics on the impact agriculture has on climate change;
  3. Impacts of climate change on agriculture;
  4. Adaptation-mitigation co-benefits;
  5. What is the SBSTA work programme?

The world population is expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050. To meet global food demand by 2050, agricultural production must increase by 60%. Source: Big Facts

Population growth is expected to be particularly dramatic in the least developed countries, which are projected to double in population from 898 million inhabitants in 2013 to 1.8 billion in 2050 and to 2.9 billion in 2100.
Source: Big Facts

Globally, 842 million people are chronically undernourished, while almost 2 billion suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. Source: Big Facts

It is predicted that global agricultural production will grow at an average of 1.5% annually over the next 10 years, compared with 2.1% in the previous decade. Growth is expected to be slower in all crop sectors and in livestock production. These trends reflect rising costs, growing resource constraints and increasing environmental pressures, which are expected to inhibit supply response in virtually all regions. Source: Big Facts

Increased production must be met through higher yields because increasing the area of land under agriculture carries major environmental costs. Although there is more land that could be used for agriculture, most of it is under forests, wetlands or grasslands, and converting these to cropland would greatly increase greenhouse gas emissions and cause the loss of biodiversity and important ecosystem services. Source: Big Facts

Higher food prices generally make poverty worse. Although there are variations by commodity and by country, poor people generally consume more food than they produce and so tend to be hurt by higher food prices. Source: Big Facts

Climate change will affect all four dimensions of food security: food availability, stability of food supplies, access to food and food utilisation. First and foremost, climate change affects food availability via its impact on yield. Source: Big Facts

If the amount or quality of foods available decline, malnutrition tends to increase, as does incidence of infectious disease. For example, flooding, especially flash flooding caused by a single severe weather event, is likely to result in an increase in the number of people exposed to diarrheal and other infectious diseases, reducing their nutrient absorption capacity and reducing their immunity to infection. Source: Big Facts

Women may be more at risk from climate change than men and may also lack the means to cope with the harmful effects of climate change. Source: Big Facts

More and more agricultural work is being done by women as men move to non-farm jobs. In all parts of the world except Europe, the proportion of women in the total agricultural work force has risen over the past four decades. Source: Big Facts