Skip to Content

Case Study: Environment

Nitrous Oxide Emission Reduction Protocol

Farming First Farming First

Fertilizer Canada

Nitrous Oxide Emission Reduction Protocol



The Nitrous Oxide Emission Reduction Protocol (NERP) is a science-based approach that gives farmers a new way of benefitting from reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.

Nitrogen is used as a highly effective fertilizer but contributes 36% of greenhouse gas emissions in crop production. NERP was designed to manage crop nutrition and maximize yields, reduce greenhouse gas emission by 25%, and meet international standards for carbon offsets.

Through the NERP programme, farmers can earn carbon credits based on the reduction of nitrous oxide (N2O) generated through food production, associated with better nitrogen management. The concept and design of the NERP is simple and driven by data that producers are either already collecting or are interested in collecting to improve their overall farm management system.

Improved nitrogen management within NERP is delivered through the implementation of a 4R Nutrient Stewardship Plan. This means using the right source of fertilizer, at the right rate, at the right time, and in the right place. 4R Nutrient Stewardship plans provide farmers with science-based information and advice on how to use best management practices to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and address other environmental impacts when they apply fertilizer.

“NERP gives farmers a game plan for reducing their emissions of N20, by outlining Best Management Practicess for sustainable fertilizer application,” comments Clyde Graham of Fertilizer Canada. “By applying “NERP” practices farmers see positive impacts on farm economics and environmental footprint.”

Reducing greenhouse gas per unit of crop produced, generating carbon offsets to help society adapt to climate change, and furthering farm profitability through improved return on fertilizer dollars spent, are examples of environmental, social, and economic goals that NERP helps Canadian farmers achieve.

Read more

Case study prepared by:

Fertilizer Canada | Fertilisants Canada

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.