Addressing Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations

The increase of the world’s population to 9 billion people by 2050, the rise in global calorie intake by 60 percent between 2000 and 2050 due to greater affluence, as well the rising demands on land for the generation of food and fuels, will require significant increases in agricultural productivity in the context of more constrained availability of resources.”

Addressing Climate Change and Agriculture: A Scoping Report, 2011

With agriculture contributing almost a third of developing countries’ GDP and providing employment to 65 per cent of developing countries’ populations, the impact of climate change on agriculture has repercussions on lives and economies across the globe.

The agriculture sector holds significant potential in mitigating climate change through reductions of emissions, and effective policies could increase the capacity of farming and food systems to increase food production whilst minimising its impact on the climate.

The Meridian Institute report Addressing Climate Change and Agriculture suggests that:

  • Early action on tackling the effects of climate change within the agricultural sector will allow countries to prepare for near- and longer-term agricultural adaptation, closely linked to food security and development efforts.
  • Data collection and policy development measures may result in useful country-specific data and experience, which could inform vital long-term national strategies in mitigating the impact of climate change on global populations.
  • Technology will have an important role to play in developing agricultural practices that are able to withstand changes in climate. Technology deployment and related capacity building in agriculture comes with significant costs for which developing countries in particular need financial support.

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